References

Archival:

Central Lettering Records, St. Martins Central, Granary Building, 1 Granary Square, King’s Cross London, N1C 4AA.

St Bride Library, Bride Lane, Fleet Street, London EC4Y 8EE.

Typographic Hub, Dr Caroline Archer Private Collection, Birmingham City University, BIAD, Gosta Green, Birmingham, B14 7DX.

Bibliography:

ARCHER, C (2006) ‘Typographic Birmingham’, Baseline Magazine. UK: Bradbourne Publishing.

BAINES, P & DIXON, C (2002) Signs – Lettering in the Environment. London: Laurence King Publishing.

BAINES, P & DIXON, C (2004) ‘Letter Rich Lisbon’ Eye Magazine v.14 no 54 (Winter 2004). London: Quantum Publishing.

BAINES, P & DIXON, C (2004) ‘Letters of Reference’ Craft Magazine no 186 Jan/Feb 2004. London: Craft Council.

BANHAM, S (2011) Characters – Cultural Stories revealed through typography. Australia: Thames and Hudson.

BARTRAM, A (1978) Fascia Lettering in the British Isles. London: Lund Humphries Publishing.

BARTRAM, A (1978) Street Name Lettering in the British Isles. London: Lund Humphries Publishing.

BEADER, A (1996) Sign Language – Street Signs as Folk Art. USA: Harry N Abrams Inc.

BELLON, D & BELLON K ( 2010) Typography For The People. USA: HOW Books.

BROWNJOHN, R (2005) ‘Street Level’ pg 164] Sex and Typography. USA: Princeton Architectural Press.

CARSON, D (1999), Fotografiks. London: Laurence King Publishing.

COLIZZA, A & Ramiro ESPINOZA, R (2010) ‘In Memoriam – Krulletters and Bruin Cafes in Amsterdam’, Design and Culture vol.2 issue 2. UK: Berg Publishers.

CROW, D (2010) Visible Signs – An Introduction to Semiotics in the Visual Arts. Switzerland: AVA Publishing.

CRYSTAL, D (2003) The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of the English Language. UK: Cambridge University Press Inc.

DAWSON B (2003) Street Graphics – New York. London: Thames & Hudson.

FELLA, E (2000), Letters on America. USA: Princeton Architectural Press.

FENTRESS, S ( 2007), Bible Road – Signs Of Faith In The American Landscape. USA: David & Charles, a division of F+W Publications

GOUVEI A P S, FARIAS P L, GATTO, P S (2009), ‘Letters and Cities: Reading The Urban Environment With The Help Of perception Theories’. Visual Communication. Vol8(3), pp 339-349P.

GRAY, N (1960) Lettering on Buildings. New York: Reinhold Pul. Co.

HALL, S (2007) This Means This This Means That – A users guide to semiotics. London: Laurence King Publishing.

HERRICK, EM (1974) ‘Taxonomy of Alphabets and Scripts’. Visible Language: The Journal For Research On The Visual Media Language Expression. Vol VIII. Number 1, winter 1974, pp 5- 32.

KINNEIR, J (1980) Words And Buildings – The Art And Practice Of Public Lettering. London: The Architectural Press.

KLAVIN, M (2001), Clean New World. USA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

KUPFERSCHRIFT, I (January 2012) ‘Type Classifications Are Useful, But The Common Ones Are Not’ Research in Graphic Design Conference. Kattowic: Academy of Fine (published and accessed 31st March: http://kupferschrift.de/cms/2012/03/on-classifications/

Dr.LEE, P, Prof. MURIE A & Dr. OOSTHUIZEN, R (2006) Birmingham: Narratives of Neighbourhood Transition. UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

MILLER, J (1999), Nowhere in Particular. London: Mitchell Beazley.

ONS – Office for National Statistics (2010) 2008-based Populations Projections. Birmingham UK: Birmingham City Council

OPEN AIR PROLECT (2000) The Changing Landscape of 20th Century Signage. UK: Triangle Printers of Leeds.

URBAN DIALOGUES PROJECT, (2009) Signs of the City – Metropolis Speaking. Berlin: JOVIS Verlag GmbH.

USBORNE, S (29th March 2012) ‘A new serif in town: The fonts used on London’s signs and shops have an army of fans’ The Independent (accessed 29th March 2012 http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/this-britain/a-new-serif-in-town-the-fonts-used-on-londons-signs-and-shops-have-an-army-of-fans-7594943.html)

SCWARTZMAN, A (1998), Designage: the art of decorative sign. USA: Chronicle Books.

SPENCER, H (1949-67) ‘Typographica’. London: Lund Humphries

TWYMAN, M (1998) ‘Nicolete Gray: a personal view of her contribution to the study of letterforms’. Typography Papers 3. London: Hyphen Press.

WEBSITES

ARCHER, C Graphic DNA: Typographic Hub,

http://www.typographichub.org/research/entry/graphic-dna/

ARTSPIRE PROJECT, (2011) http://www.vernaculartypography.com

BAINES, P & DIXON C (1997) Public Lettering – a walk in central London. http://www.publiclettering.org.uk

BAINES, P (2011), Public Lettering in Central London http://maptal.es/tales/3#step1

CLARK, J (25/08/2006) Words/Lettering in/on/& Buildings/Architecture. http://blog.fawny.org/2006/08/25/architext/

HARRINGTON, A (2011) London Typgraphica Project, www.londontypographica.com

ROBERTS, S Ghost Signs Project http://www.ghostsigns.co.uk/

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